Alirza oghlu Aliyev was born on May 10, 1923 in Nakhchivan city of Azerbaijan.
In 1939, after graduating from the Nakhchivan Pedagogical School, he entered
the Architecture Department of the Industrial Institute of Azerbaijan (now the
State Oil Academy of Azerbaijan), but the incipient war impeded the completion
of his education.
Heydar Aliyev has headed a department at the People’s Commissariat of Internal
Affairs of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Nakhchivan, and in 1944,
was sent to work at state security bodies. He received special education in the
cities of Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) and Moscow, and in 1957, graduated
from the History Department of the Azerbaijan State University. Having worked
for twenty five years at state security bodies, Heydar Aliyev worked as a
deputy chairman of the State Security Committee under the Council of Ministers
of the Azerbaijan SSR since 1964, and from 1967, held the office of chairman of
the committee, and rose to the rank of a major general.
the Plenary Session of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of
Azerbaijan in July 1969, first secretary of the Central Committee of the
Communist Party of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev became the head of the republic.
candidate to the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Soviet
Union’s Communist Party in 1976, and a member of the Political Bureau in 1982,
Heydar Aliyev was appointed a first deputy chairman of the USSR’s Council of
Ministers. While in this position, Heydar Aliyev headed the most significant
areas of the USSR’s economic, social and cultural lives.
years, Heydar Aliyev has been a deputy of the Supreme Soviets of the USSR and
the Azerbaijan SSR, and for five years, worked as a first deputy chairman of
the USSR’s Council of Ministers.
1987, as a sign of protest against the policy pursued by the Political Bureau
of the Central Committee of the Soviet Union’s Communist Party and, personally,
by Secretary General Michael Gorbachev, Heydar Aliyev resigned from his post.
with the tragedy committed on 20 January 1990 in Baku by the Soviet troops,
Heydar Aliyev, appearing the next day at the Representative Office of
Azerbaijan in Moscow with a statement, demanded that the organizers and
executors of the crime committed against the people of Azerbaijan be punished.
As a sign of protest against the hypocritical policy of the USSR leadership
towards the critical conflict in Daghlyg Garabagh, in July 1991, he left the
Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
returning to Azerbaijan in July 1990, Heydar Aliyev first lived in Baku, then
moved to Nakhchivan, and in the same year was elected a deputy to the Supreme
Soviet of Azerbaijan. In 1991-1993, he had held the post of chairman of the
Supreme Assembly of the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan, deputy Chairman of
the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan. In 1992, at the constituent
congress of the New Azerbaijan Party in Nakhchivan, Heydar Aliyev was elected
chairman of the Party.
1993, when, as a result of a crisis in the government, the country was on the
verge of a civil war and faced the peril of losing independence, the people of
Azerbaijan demanded to bring Heydar Aliyev to power, and the then leaders of
Azerbaijan were obliged to officially invite Heydar Aliyev to Baku.
On 15 June
1993, Heydar Aliyev was elected chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan,
and on 24 June, by a resolution of the National Assembly, he proceeded to
fulfilling the authorities of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
3, 1993, as a result of the nationwide vote, Heydar Aliyev was elected
President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
election held on October 11, 1998, he was re-elected president of the Republic
of Azerbaijan. Heydar Aliyev, giving his consent to be nominated as a candidate
at the 15 October 2003 presidential elections, relinquished to run at the
elections in connection with his health problems.
12, 2003, national leader of the Azerbaijani people, President Heydar Aliyev
passed away in Cleveland Hospital in the United States of America, where he had
been undergoing medical treatment, and on December 15, was buried at the Alley
of Honour in Baku.